I refract the personal through popular culture and the history of European portraiture in my paintings. This gives form to a mode that is conceptual and personal, rigorous and painterly. My work bears the influence of 12 years in Berlin, where I was inescapably an outsider. Returning to the US in 2013, this sense of being a foreigner persisted, allowing me to see my own culture from the outside. My identity and role within that culture became my subject matter.